Navigation Menu button
english language deutsch sprache la langue française english language nederlandse taal svenska språket english language
change language
International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: "Peter Ullmann (GER79) at the 2017 Worlds, Pwlhelli. Photo: © Robert Muller"

International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: Local hero Del Olsen (USA 253) in front of the skyline of San Francisco at the 2014 World. Photo © Robert Muller (slightly edited)

International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: "Dave Timson (GBR303) and Rob Bell (GBR298) at the 2011 worlds, Travemunde, Germany. Photo: © Robert Muller"

International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: Start Sequence Race 4 at the 2014 Worlds, San Francisco. Photo © Robert Muller

International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: GBR310 at the 2011 Worlds © Robert Muller ex German web site

International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: "Steve Bowen (GBR310) at the 2017 Worlds, Pwlhelli. Photo: © Robert Muller"

The Decked Canoe Archives

Assembled by Tim Gittins

Nautilus

Date: 1880

Designer: W. Baden-Powell

The Nautilus of 1881 was designed by Warington Baden-Powell and was built in the autumn of 1880. This is Nautilus #8. The intended use was for cruising on "navigable rivers, lakes, and the sea. Being intended chiefly for cruising, many sailing points were put aside for cruising requirements; still it performed well as a sailer." "In such a craft, compactness of dimensions, lightness of hull and fittings, and other requisites for ease of transportation, were considered of secondary importance to seaworthiness and sail-carrying power; and the canoe was intended more for pleasure cruising in ordinarily frequented navigable waters than as a travelling craft for navigating inland lakes, rivers, and canals in thinly-populated districts."(Kemp, 1882)

The diagram below shows the body plan of the 1881 Nautilus. Notice the depth of this canoe. Remember, this hull is 33 inches wide. This attests to its use as a sailing canoe much more than a padding canoe, especially in windy conditions where paddling this high-sided canoe would prove very strenous. Baden-Powell concedes..."As to paddling against a head wind in open water in any [boat] but a long, low, narrow paddling canoe, it is simply self-inflicted hard labour; sails would do the work in far less time, and with ease and comfort to the canoeist." (Kemp, 1882). Two other distinguishing features is the quick turn of the bilge relative to other hulls of it's time and the sudden tapering of the stern.

Body Plan

Nautilus 1881 body plan (13k GIF)

This Nautilus used mahogany for its planks, decks and fittings. and oak for ribs. The Nautilus also carried an 83 lb. center-plate and 100 lbs. of lead shot in bags to be used as ballast. It's clear that this canoe was not intended for travelling to inland lakes! The canoeist was expected to sail this canoe, although Baden-Powell writes that "wind failing, the canoe can be paddled with the double bladed paddle with ease, or the half-paddle may be used in conjunction with the foot-steering gear."(Kemp,1882) Whereas the canoeist is coming out of the well and sitting on the deck in North America, Baden-Powell is choosing instead to lay further down inside. The "result is an all-round gain in comfort to the skipper and of strength and dryness to the craft." (Kemp, 1882)

The following table, published in the 6th edition of Dixon Kemp's 'A Manual of Yacht and Boat Sailing', 1882, shows the dimensions and leading points of the design. All measurements are in inches.
Heights Half Breadths
1* 2* 3* Deck L.W.L. #2 W.L. Diagonal
0 16 - - - - - -
1 14.25 5 1 6 3.25 1.75 4.75
2 12.75 5.75 1 10 6.5 4.25 8.25
3 11.25 6 1 12.75 9.75 7 11.25
4 10 6 1 14.5 12.5 10 13.75
5 9.25 6 1 15.5 14.75 12.25 15.75
6 8.75 6 1 16.25 15.75 14.25 16.75
7 8.5 6 1 16.25 16.25 15.5 17.25
8 8.25 6 1 16.5 16.25 15.5 17.25
9 8.25 6 1 16.5 16 14.5 17
10 8.75 6 1.25 16 15 12.5 16.25
11 9.5 6 1.25 14.75 13.25 9 14.5
12 10.5 5.5 1.5 12.75 9.755 4.5 11.5
13 11.75 4.5 2 8.5 4.5 1.5 7
14 13.5 - - - - - -

1* : Height above L.W.L. to underside of deck
2* : Depths below L.W.L. to rabbet
3* : Depth of keel and metal band below rabbet
Half-breadths are taken at deck, at L.W.L. to outside of plank, and at 3 in. below L.W.L. to outside of plank (#2 W.L.)
Diagonal half-breadths from 6 in. above L.W.L. to L.W.L. at No. 7

Total length, 14 ft.; beam, 2 ft. 9 in.; depth inside, 16 in.; Keel, 2 in.; draft, 7 in.
Sections 1 ft. apart, No. 1 being 1 foot from fore end L.W.L.
Stem and stern posts sided at rabbet, 1.25 in.
Keel from No. 2 to No. 7 sections sided 2 in. tapers to ends.

Search the IC site for with

This web site is provided by the International Canoe Federation's Sailing Committee

HTML check . CSS check

Communicate with the editor

International Canoe Home Page

IC Home Page

Canoe Events Future

Canoe Events Past

Reports for earlier events, where available, are linked from the ‘medallist’ pages.

Canoe Associations

Canoe Talk

Canoe Action

Canoe Rules

Canoe History

International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: "Michael Brigg and his 50 year old veteran, (K102) at the 2017 Worlds, Pwlhelli. Photo: © Robert Muller"

International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: "Nice light! But I can't identify the boat. 2011 worlds, Travemunde, Germany. Photo: © Robert Muller"

International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: GER 75 at the 2011 Worlds © Robert Muller ex German web site

International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: Michael Leitch (CAN 30) at the 2014 Worlds, San Francisco. Photo © Robert Muller

International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: Michael Leitch at the 2014 Worlds, San Francisco. Photo © Robert Muller

International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: "Uphill Challenge: Peter Ullmann (GER79) leads a bunch of others at the 2011 worlds, Travemunde, Germany. Photo: © Robert Muller"

International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: "Dave Timson (GBR303) at the 2011 worlds, Travemunde, Germany. Photo: © Robert Muller"

International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: USA 246 at the 2011 Worlds © Robert Muller ex German web site

International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: Steve (USA) Clark. The man whose vision led to the exciting collection of new designs at the 2014 Worlds. Photo © Robert Muller

International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: Peter Ullman at the Leeward Mark at the 2014 Worlds, San Francisco. Photo © Robert Muller

International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: "Ready About! (Tacking for the Windward Mark) Chris Maas (USA246) at the 2011 worlds, Travemunde, Germany. Photo: © Robert Muller"

International 10 sq.m. Canoe International 10 sq.m. Canoe

Image: "Now which bit of boat is where in that photo? Paul Hignett considers plumbing the depths of Loch Lomond with racing blown off at the 2013 Europa Cup.. Photo: © Loch Lomond SC"